All research projects on art patronage and collecting in Russia and the Soviet Union, with one exception indicated below, were generously funded by Austria's main Research Fund, FWF.

1991-1994: Project No. P8550-HIS

From 1991 to 1994, FWF supported the initial study on bourgeois art patronage in Tsarist Russia (1850-1917) which, in 1996, resulted in the publication of the monograph "The Moscow Medici, 1850-1917", also financed by FWF.

1995-1998: Project No. P10795-HIS

From 1995-1998, FWF sponsored three one-year cases studies on art collecting in the USSR (1917-1985).

In both cases FWF covered travel expenses to Moscow and St. Petersburg.


From 1998-2001 funding for various research projects was provided by external sources – by the so-called "Jubilee Fund" of the Austrian National Bank, OeNB, by the research stipend of the municipality of Vienna, and, mostly, by a research grant from the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Research and Arts (bm:bwk); the latter ran for two years. All of them contributed to the funding of a major study on the nationalization and sale of private art collections (1917-1938) that, in 2000, resulted in an international conference organized by Dr. Bayer in Vienna and later, in 2001, in a book publication.

2001-2004: Hertha Firnberg T 119-G06

From 2001-2004 FWF financed a three-year-long program (Hertha-Firnberg: T 119-G06) on the unofficial art market in the USSR, 1917-1991. Together with a generous travel grant, this position enabled the researcher to uncover an unprecedented amount of archival and other primary sources on the topic in over a dozen research sites – in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Tallinn/Tartu, Vilnius/Kaunas, Riga, Kiev/Odessa, Yerevan, Almaty, to name but the most important ones.
FWF also provided the funds to finance research assistants in these places.

2004-2007: Project No. P17748-G07

A follow-up study to the Firnberg-position was approved in late 2004: The project "From Cultural to Economic Capital" received the support of Austria's main research fund; it is devoted to research on art collecting and patronage in the late USSR, Russia, the CIS and the Baltic States, from 1985 to the present.

2008-2011: Project No. P20474-G13

In December 2007 FWF approved funding on the project Post-Soviet Art Museums in the Era of Globalization, which started in early 2008. It covered a varied interdisciplinary program combining individual research in post-Soviet institutions with collective efforts (workshops, work sessions, an international conference, Graz University and Graz Kunsthaus). Much expertise was gained by interviewing post-Soviet museum experts and their international counterparts specializing in (post) Soviet art and museums.

2012-2015: Project No. P25079-G21

The latest project to receive the support of FWF is devoted to research on Creating Contemporary Art Museums in the Post-Soviet Space, CCAM. It is conceived as a follow-up study on the research carried out between 2008 and 2011 which focused on exemplary case studies as well as the overall changes post-Soviet museums went through in the wake of perestroika. CCAM started in the fall 2012; it will analyze the complex transformation of a wide range of contemporary art institutions emerging after the demise of communism.


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